5:21, 22 what is right; let us know among ourselves what is good. In opposition to Job, Job 34:5, will not--cannot. Neither will the Almighty pervert justice. This was the type of theology Job … We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Commentary on Job 38:1-7 [34-41] October 18, 2009. That he should go before God in judgment. 34. Job 34:2 Hear my words, O ye wise men; and give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge. This they asserted, but Job denied. Job 34:3 For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat. In a moment shall they die — Whensoever God doth but give the word, and send his summons for them. Job had longed for an `umpire' who might plead his case before God; but Elihu declares that God needs no such assistance, because he is omniscient (Job 34:22-23). But no one says, “Where is God my Maker” : Elihu noted that men seek God in their time of need, but their seeking often isn’t sincere. "The mighty are taken away without hand" (Job 34:20). (Verse 16-30.) " Many of the greatest scholars reject such a rendition. 4 Let us discern for ourselves what is right; let us learn together what is good. MAURER, not so well, "Notwithstanding my right (innocence) I am treated as a liar," by God, by His afflicting me. Elihu begins with an exhortation to Job's friends, Job 34:1-4; charges Job with accusing God of acting unrighteously, which he shows is impossible, Job 34:5-12; points out the power and judgments of the Almighty, vv. 13-30; shows how men should address God, and how irreverently Job has acted, Job 34… 8. Although it is not entirely unique in the Psalter, the most striking thing about Psalm 91 is that it ends with a divine speech in verses 14-16. New International Version Update. Oh, that Job were tried to the utmost, Because his answers are like those of wicked men! Job 34:17 . "If He were to set His heart on man," either to injure him, or to take strict account of his sins. Margin, not so well, "My father," Elihu addressing God. "In this Elihu repeats the slander of Eliphaz, replacing `iniquity' with `scoffing,' and adding a totally groundless accusation that Job is a companion of evildoers (Job 34:8). 2. So Job 34:24 , "without number" ought to be translated, "without [needing any] searching out," such as has to be made in human judgments. He knows their works, without a formal investigation ( Job 34:24 ). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. But God permitted "the satan", one of the heavenly For he needeth not further to consider a man. "For Job has said, 'I am innocent, and God has taken away my right.'" “Job had devoted an entire speech to the subject of God’s apparent indifference to his plight (Job 23) and the plight of all who suffer and are oppressed (Job 24).” (Smick) b. Elihu. (Job 34:34-37) Job's multiplied sins invite God's judgment. ( Job 10:2 , Psalms 32:8 , 19:12 , Psalms 139:23 Psalms 139:24 ). And why did God do all this to Job? Job 34. Literally, (Is it fit) to be said to a king? Elihu begins with an exhortation to Job's friends, Job 34:1-4; charges Job with accusing God of acting unrighteously, which he shows is impossible, Job 34:5-12; points out the power and judgments of the Almighty, vv. Job hath spoken without knowledge — Job seems to me to be very much mistaken, and his discourse to be inconsiderate, and without reason. It was only a deduction made by Elihu from the general drift of what Job was saying.". Job's own words ( Job 13:18 , 27:2 ). 31. 12. MAURER, from the reference being only to the godless, in the next clause, and Job 34:20 translates, "When God keeps quiet" (leaves men to perish) Psalms 83:1 ; [UMBREIT] from the Arabic (strikes to the earth), "who shall condemn Him as unjust?" disposed--hath founded ( Isaiah 44:7 ), established the circle of the globe. The grounds of their punishment in Job 34:26 . 20. they--"the rich" and "princes" who offend God. MAN HAS NO RIGHT TO COMPLAIN (ch. Job virtually had said so ( Job 27:4 Job 27:5 , 6:28 ). (1-9) God cannot be unjust. Job 31:24-40 Job Concludes His Self Defense. Biblical Commentary Job 38:1-11, 34-41 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The context for any passage in the book of Job has to begin with chapter 1, which establishes Job's excellent character (1:1-5), acknowledged even by God (1:8). ", "There are three charges which Elihu brought against Job: (1) he said he was righteous (Job 9:21; 13:18); (2) this was an implication (in the sight of Elihu) that Job was accusing God of injustice; and (3) he even claimed that religion brought no profit to man. And wilt thou condemn him that is righteous and mighty? as--that is, because they are wicked. His words are without wisdom.’ 36 I wish that Job were tried to the end, because of his answering like wicked men. Who goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing, That he should delight himself with God. No prayer could be more appropriate than this. 34) Job's Claim and Evaluation of It. 2 Then the wrath of Elihu, the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, was aroused against Job; his wrath was aroused because he justified himself rather than God. Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves. Better, as UMBREIT, "He does not (needs not to) regard (as in Job 34:14 , Isaiah 41:20 ) man long (so Hebrew, Genesis 46:29 ) in order that he may go (be brought by God) into judgment." Introduction. Job has to stand alone, but he is determined to be faithful. ( Proverbs 16:7 , Isaiah 26:3 ). "Can even He who (in thy view) hateth right (justice) govern?" Verses 21-30 For his eyes are upon the ways of a man, And he seeth all his goings. We now are no longer looking only at Job but also at his controversy with these three friends, and their discourse occupies the major part of the book. 9. with God--in intimacy ( Psalms 50:18 , Margin). It was the erroneous views of Elihu and Job's other accusers that led to their false judgment of him. God must be just, because He governs ( 2 Samuel 23:3 ). Job 32:1-22 Elihu is Upset With Job’s Friends. "Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: Far be it from God that he should do wickedness. And when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? Job 34:5 For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment. And give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge. Job had longed for an `umpire' who might plead his case before God; but Elihu declares that God needs no such assistance, because he is omniscient (Job 34:22-23). words--( Job 11:2 , 35:16 ). 25. The noted Albert Barnes gave it as, "In respect to my cause, I am regarded a liar. 1. answered--proceeded. Margin, not so well, "My father," Elihu addressing God. In Job 42:7 the Lord condemns Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. God cannot be unjust. Elihu reproves Job. Done to direct man away from the Pit b. As omniscient Judge who sees all the ways of humankind, he often brings judgment (Job 34:21-28) but must not be questioned when he does not decree speedy retribution (Job 34:29-30). Because they turned aside from following him. This of course, was merely Elihu's analysis of the situation; and he was totally in error. Commentaries: Matthew Henry JFB Commentary Wesley's Notes Geneva Study Bible : View Job 34 in the note window. 13. ", "Notwithstanding my right, I am accounted a liar" (Job 34:6). No one could avoid knowing whom Elihu was speaking of. without transgression--without fault of mine to deserve it ( Job 16:17 ). . Verses 1-34: Job strikes at the heart of his friends’ assumption that the wicked are judged and the righteous are blessed. Alike, whether it be done unto a nation or unto a man: That there be none to ensnare the people.". In whatever way Job 34:14 is translated, Job 34:15 shows the terrible result. Job 34, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. "The thought here is that God rules the earth and is answerable to no one for his actions, a thought repeated again by Elihu in Job 36:23; but this truth Job had already stated emphatically in Job 9:12.". "If now thou hast understanding, hear this: Shall even one that hateth justice govern? When he giveth quietness, who then can condemn? hands--in scorn ( Job 27:23 , Ezekiel 21:17 ). God; Jesus Christ . Life would cease (cf. Because the afflicted tribes of Judah were preserved in captivity and restored to their own land, the history of the period which is before the writer’s mind appears to him to supply a conclusive proof of the righteousness of the Almighty. most just--rather, "Him who is at once mighty and just" (in His government of the world). 18. 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