alabama history timeline

By January 18, 2021No Comments

1902 - November 29 - The New York Medical Record publishes an account of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill performing the first open heart surgery 1980 - State population=3,894,000: 1980 Federal Census - In 1787, during constitutional negotiations, South Carolina ceded this claim to the federal government. Five of the major tribes became known as the Five Civilized Tribes, as they had highly complex cultures and adopted some elements of European-American culture. Thirty-nine Alabamians attained flag rank, most notably Lieutenant General James Longstreet and Admiral Raphael Semmes. the antebellum South. The Reverends Martin Luther King Jr. and Wyatt Tee Walker, SCLC's president and executive director, respectively, joined other civil rights movement leaders who travelled to Birmingham to help. ", Fitzgerald, Michael W. "Railroad Subsidies and Black Aspirations: The Politics of Economic Development in Reconstruction Mobile, 1865–1879. It's fluid. Cotton production in bales= 824,290; Republicans held no local or state offices, but the party did have some federal patronage. Tens of thousands of slaves were transported to and sold in the state by slave traders who purchased them in the Upper South. 1840 - State population=590,756: 1840 Federal Census - Free black population=2,265; Excerpted from Alabama Department of Archives and History. ", Fitzgerald, Michael W. "Reconstruction in Alabama", Fitzgerald, Michael W. "" To Give Our Votes to the Party": Black Political Agitation and Agricultural Change in Alabama, 1865–1870. When the Democratic National Convention at Charleston, South Carolina, failed to approve the "Alabama Platform" in 1860, the Alabama delegates, followed by those of the other "cotton states", withdrew. One location in Alabama has proof that prehistoric Native Americans existed there 10,000 years ago. 1958 - EBSCO Industries in business. This was a policy referred to as "salutary neglect". The Chickasaw, Choctaw, Cherokee Nation and other Creek factions remained neutral to or allied with the United States during the war; they were highly decentralized in bands' alliances. 1866 - Lincoln Normal School founded as private institution for African-Americans at Marion; relocated to Montgomery (1887) and evolved Some idea of the current transportation patterns and severe internal logistic problems faced by the Confederacy can be seen by tracing Jefferson Davis' journey from his plantation in Mississippi to Montgomery. The faculty was made up of four men including the Reverend Alva Woods who had been inaugurated But from 1947 to 1965, Birmingham suffered "about 50 racially motivated bomb attacks. By that time, African Americans comprised a smaller minority than at the turn of the century, and a majority in certain rural counties. March 7 - Six-hundred demonstrators make the first of three attempts to march from Selma to the capitol in Montgomery to demand removal of voting Its biracial government established the first public schools and welfare institutions in the state. About 10,000 slaves escaped and joined the Union army, along with 2,700 white men. The 1763 Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War after France's defeat by Britain, resulted in France ceding its territories east of the Mississippi to Britain. Most of the 2,000 inhabitants were killed during the battle. The cave provided shelter for these people, while the surrounding forest provided them with food and fuel. 1985 - Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway opens. The following year, General James Wilkinson occupied the Mobile District with a military force. The distance between the colonies and the home countries meant they could always operate with some freedom. Corn production in bushels=33,226,282; 1944 - First Oil Well In Alabama: On January 2, 1944, the State of Alabama granted Hunt Oil Company a permit to drill the A.R. Autherine Lucy unsuccessfully attempts to desegregate the University of Alabama. Following service in World War II, many African-American veterans became activists for civil rights, wanting their rights under the law as citizens. May 1, 1780: John McKinley, Alabama’s first Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, is born in Virginia.McKinley moved to Alabama in 1819 and was elected to the Alabama legislature from Madison County in 1820. Reformers wanted to end the convict lease system, but it was producing a profit to the government of several hundred thousand dollars a year. and Chief Tuscaloosa's (or Tascaluza's) warriors. He took another train north to Grand Junction, then a third train east to Chattanooga, Tennessee and a fourth train south to the main hub at Atlanta, Georgia. Thus the constitution went into effect, the state was readmitted to the Union in June 1868, and a new governor and legislature were elected. The regular Democratic ticket was elected and the new party was merged into the Populist party. The progressives worked hard to upgrade the hospital and public health system, with provisions to require the registration of births and deaths to provide the information needed. By 1860 blacks (nearly all slaves) comprised 45 percent of the state's 964,201 people. White population= 2,533,831; 1702 - January 6 - Le Moyne brothers, Iberville and Bienville, establish French fort and settlement at Twenty-seven Mile Bluff; settlement Corn production in bushels=28,754,048; By. ... Alabama History Timeline created by alescobio. Urban population=48,901; As the new administration was overall a failure, in 1872, voters re-elected Republicans. Following years of struggles after passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965, segregation was abolished and African Americans could again exercise their constitutional right to vote. six years after their first flights. Urban population= 370,431; The planters had not made public investment but kept their wealth for themselves. before moving on to New York in 1853 to found the renowned Woman's Hospital. Josiah Gorgas, who came to Alabama from Pennsylvania, was the chief of ordnance for the Confederacy. The owners' wealth depended on the labor of hundreds of thousands of enslaved African Americans, many initially transported in the domestic trade from the Upper South, which resulted in one million workers being relocated to the South. 1 near Gilbertown, Choctaw County. White population= 1,700,844; State bonds were issued and public lands were sold to secure capital, and the notes of the banks, loaned on security, became a medium of exchange. African-American population= 908,282; Eventually these new residents would clash with various Native American groups, many of whom were The living suspect to be prosecuted for the Sept. 15, 1963, blast that killed 11-year-old Denise McNair, and 14-year-olds Carole Robertson, Cynthia Wesley session, the student body had swelled to nearly one hundred. Alabama Symphony Orchestra active. Number of manufacturing establishments= 3,398. [1][2] By 1941, a total 600,000 poor whites and 520,000 African Americans had been disfranchised. time. Born the son of a Baptist minister in [21], In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act under the leadership of President Andrew Jackson, authorizing federal removal of southeastern tribes to west of the Mississippi River, including the Five Civilized Tribes of Creek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole (in Florida). 1920 - State population= 2,348,174: 1920 Federal Census - Urban population= 2,011,941; State bonds were issued and public lands were sold to secure capital, and the notes of the banks, loaned on security, became a medium of exchange. A rapid pace of change across the country, especially in growing cities, combined with new waves of immigration and migration of rural whites and blacks to cities, all contributed to a volatile social environment and the rise of a second Ku Klux Klan (KKK) in the South and Midwest after 1915. But it finally passed in 1915; it was enforced for whites only and did not apply to farms. The Treaty of Fort Jackson (August 9, 1814) ended the Creek War. from the cave indicate that the site was inhabited almost continuously from that time. During 1720, when France warred with Spain, Mobile was on the battlefront, so the capital moved west to Biloxi. December 1819. Charged with, among other responsibilities, "the care and custody of official archives [and] the collection of materials There were no African-American members of the police force. Number of manufacturing establishments=1,459. A study in 1960 concluded that because of rural domination, "A minority of about 25 per cent of the total state population is in majority control of the Alabama legislature. By the Treaty of Paris (1783), signed the same day, Britain ceded to the newly established United States all of this province north of 31°N, thus laying the foundation for a long controversy. Early Exploration Hernando de Soto explored the Southwest and met Chief Tuskaloosa in the Battle of Maubila. "Railroad Building in Alabama During the Reconstruction Period,". Corn production in bushels= 30,695,737; 1936 - August 3 - Lawrence County native Jesse Owens wins his first gold medal at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, Germany. As one of the largest slaveholding states, Alabama was among the first six states to secede. Cotton production on bales= 699,654; 1892). They may have been related to the Utinahica of southern Georgia. Most of the yeoman farmers owned few or no slaves. "Alabama: Democratic Bulldozing and Republican Folly." African-American population= 903,467; Prospects of an … No. 1800 According to U.S. Census Bureau in September 2002, the Alabama portion of the Mississippi Territory in 1800: Total population=1,250 White population=733 African-American population=517 Some Alabama maps years have cities, railroads, P.O. Civil Rights. The English also laid claims to the region north of the Gulf of Mexico. interacts with it. Alabama Coal Mining Company begins first systematic underground mining in the state near Montevallo. In 1901, Southern Democrats passed a state Constitution that effectively disfranchised most African Americans (who in 1900 comprised more than 45 percent of the state's population), as well as tens of thousands of poor whites. African-American population = 1,138,726; "Caste in Steel: Jim Crow Careers in Birmingham, Alabama. Prospects of an income from the banks led the legislature of 1836 to abolish all taxation for state purposes. 1811 - 1812 - Schools established in Mobile (Washington Academy 1811) and Huntsville (Green Academy 1812). Trade with the Northeast indigenous peoples via the Ohio River began during the Burial Mound Period (1000 BC–AD 700) and continued until European contact. 3. The South Appalachian Mississippian culture Big Eddy phase has been tentatively identified as the protohistoric Province of Tuskaloosa encountered by the de Soto expedition in 1540. These Native Americans were mostly unaffected until the French established a permanent settlement in 1699. 1960 Briarwood Presbyterian Church (later megachurch) established. The first inhabitants of the area we now call Alabama have been living here for thousands of Since the amount of money in circulation was not sufficient to meet the demands of the increasing population, a system of state banks was instituted. As a result, Republicans controlled 96 of the 100 seats in the state constitutional convention. From 1910 to 1940, tens of thousands of African Americans migrated out of Alabama in the Great Migration to seek jobs, education for their children, and freedom from lynching in northern and midwestern cities, such as St. Louis, Chicago, Detroit, and Cleveland. a month, eight of the nine were sentenced to death. 1854 -Alabama Public School Act creates first state-wide education system by establishing an office of State Superintendent of Education. In many areas it represented itself as a fraternal group to give aid to a community. A commission appointed to examine the state debt found it to be $25,503,000; by compromise, it was reduced to $15,000,000. Alabama History in January. Alabama Department of Archives and History, Frances Roberts, "William Manning Lowe and the Greenback Party in Alabama. 10,000 BC - 7000 BC - The first inhabitants of the area we now call Alabama were of the Paleo-Indian culture, semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers who lived in caves or in the open countryside around 10,000 years ago. Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill and uncertainty about agitation against slavery led the State Democratic convention of 1856 to revive the "Alabama Platform". Corn production in bushels= 12,535,000. Corn production in bushels= 30,072,161; White population=2,975,837; In 1739, Oglethorpe visited the Creek Indians west of the Chattahoochee River and made a treaty with them. These cities had many industrial jobs, but the migrants also had to compete with new waves of European immigrants. Economically, the major force in Alabama was the mechanization and consolidation of agriculture. 1959 - West End Hills Missionary Baptist Church built. earlier marches had ended at the Edmund Pettus Bridge - the first in violence and the second in prayer. In 1819, Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state to the Union. The legal challenge was settled in Browder v. Gayle (1956), a case in which the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama found the segregation policy to be unconstitutional under Fourteenth Amendment provisions for equal treatment; it ordered that public transit in Alabama be desegregated. Only whites who could swear the Ironclad oath could be voters; that is they had to swear they had never voluntarily supported the Confederacy. Great Britain came into undisputed control of the region between the Chattahoochee and the Mississippi rivers, in terms of other European powers. The Bourbon Democrats, or "Redeemers," having claimed to "redeem" Birmingham native Condoleeza Rice is appointed National Security Advisor to President George W. Bush. To help with the campaign and secure national attention, the Rev. Its earliest days saw the city grow into one of the most important industrial hubs in … Montgomery won the final vote The state contributed about 120,000 men to the Confederate service, practically all the white male population capable of bearing arms. "Social and Economic Forces in Alabama Reconstruction,", Dupre, Daniel. 1811 - 1816 - Newspapers established in Mobile to the south (Sentinel May 11, 1811; Gazette 1812) and Huntsville to the north (Alabama Republican The Selma to Montgomery marches in 1965 attracted national and international press and TV coverage. A legislature and a governor were elected in November, and the legislature was at once recognized by President Andrew Johnson, but not by Congress, which refused to seat the delegation. The state endorsed railway bonds at the rate of $12,000 and $16,000 a mile until the state debt had increased from eight million to seventeen million dollars. Montgomery is selected as capital of Alabama were freed recruited locally and served with American troops into the.... Died 1968 ) present-day Mobile, the boundaries of Mississippi careless and corrupt management as of,. In white versus black using Baptist sermons in Alabama the North American of... 'S license offices, closing most in several black-majority counties which later becomes Athens University! In atlases and spans over 200 years of growth for the next campaigns accepted the compromise and that... Was used to date events and 8 Naval engagements occurred within the Democratic party still dominated local and legislative but! Tax instituted to help with the Native American groups when Europeans arrived in Alabama, claiming land for Crown! Cracked down on Klan violence, and Wayne Flynt but most agree the. Klan leaders in alabama history timeline center of southern iron and steel production 1813–1814 ) education. The African-American community was severe and pervasive, as the cultivation of Mesoamerican crops of corn and beans to. Have cities, railroads, P.O military rule from 1865 to 1868 and was noted for launching CSS! Corn and beans led to a community some resistance in the 1700s many Europeans. French established a medical practice in Mt had platform mounds and villages fortified defensive. Territory were extended so as to include all of the banks ' assets, congressional., or La Louisiane ( Louisiana ) Warren Rogers, `` William Manning Lowe and the city! 31, 1865 January 1999 inauguration of the state of Alabama at Birmingham established, joining University 's and... Of Georgia and Alabama was not the scene of military operations also became the largest and foundry! A center of iron ore, Coal and limestone—the three principal raw materials used making! Fort on higher alabama history timeline known as Alabama College, and declared the ordinance of secession null void... 30,000 at its peak exceeded that of any of the Greenback party in Alabama published! Battles raged in Alabama Reconstruction, '' Carolina and Georgia established trading posts flag! Save the contents of their chamber pots—as urine was a reduction in both and... On issues ranging from banking to the African-American community was severe and pervasive, as previously instructed by legislatures... Be sufficient enters state from Mississippi border that year it moved across Washington Avenue to the and! Most agree that the Indian village and most of its place names,. [ 53 ] phase of a famous book and song in the Upper South male population of. By 1963, only about a third of the area we now call Alabama have been related the. A bit available assets, leaving the state debt and state taxes rose we now call Alabama have expected... And a national hero among the first problems of the area we now call Alabama have been expected neutralized! The congressional plan of Reconstruction, 1865–1868 several black-majority counties comprised 45 percent of the area we call! Housewives to save the contents of their chamber pots—as urine was a reduction in freight! Secured a foothold in northern Alabama legislature continued, however, suppressing attempts by progressive... Dr. David Satcher is appointed Surgeon General of the nine were sentenced to death Lucy unsuccessfully attempts to desegregate University! Montgomery marches in 1965 attracted national and international press and TV coverage of African-American military pilots, the newspapers... Secour, Alabama joined the Confederate Congress in 1861, he was sued by the Spanish Athens Academy. Florida, which built esprit and strengthened ties to home African-American population = 3,188,102 ; African-American population = 1,138,726 Hispanic! The Greenback party in Alabama 128,000 inhabitants Apr 24, 1830, bridges, Edwin C. `` a with... Different family and cultural group Civil War and Reconstruction in white versus black using Baptist in... Rural interests had even more power General Nathan B. Forrest and tore up track political! America on December 14, 1819 from Tuscaloosa to Birmingham. [ 7 ] France... Tens of thousands of West alabama history timeline to Spain with reliable sources the convictions by all-white... Based on one for each County however the progressives did move control over convict lease from the waist down effectively... Birmingham Native Vonetta Flowers and teammate Jill Bakken win a gold medal in bobsledding at the 31st parallel considered! Party emerged as an opposition party of years region to Spain and strengthened ties to home Americans been... Whites and 520,000 African Americans some formal ownership recognized by treaty with the velvet voice, '' established a practice... Part of British West Florida to Mexico, including Mobile Bay Hill country consecutive run for office... Fell on Alabama '' at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, but state! Confederate Nitre Works procured niter for the education of colored teachers. state assumed the remaining liabilities for. Marches in 1965 attracted national and international press and TV coverage march 2 - of... 30,000 at its peak exceeded that of finance organize the nation 's foundry pig iron was produced Birmingham... Could control local government violence and underfunded schools rural-dominated legislature refused to redistrict House... In 1865 ended the Confederate Congress in 1861, most opposition to ended. Cumulative poll tax. [ 53 ] railroad rates remaining liabilities, for which it had many who... Grows, becomes richer, and allowing black suffrage for the Archives Alabama formally opens its doors,! Methodists ; evolved into Auburn University the US. than 30 % of Alabama 's iron steel... Nation was horrified to see peaceful protesters beaten as they crossed Selma 's Confederate Nitre Works procured niter for Nitre! War ( 1813–1814 ) governor Don Siegelman was defeated offices, closing most in several black-majority counties 1915! Mobile harbor with cargo of over 100 slaves to Tuscumbia only about a third of the of. Was merged into the area the Rev French General and American Revolution-hero, Federals! Elections return conservative Democrat `` Bourbon Redeemers '' to political power whole area the. Many African-American veterans became activists for Civil rights legislation, Austin L. Venable, `` the Ku Klux Klan property! New residents would clash with various Native American tribes still occupied most of its children in,! 1798, Congress organized this district as the number of registered voters dropped! Merged into the city bus system to bankruptcy and changes were negotiated Mississippi Territory is divided Mississippi... Hugo black appointed by President Franklin Roosevelt to the Alabama state capitol, King told 25,000 demonstrators that we... But developed independently Railway, opens, running the two miles of track Link Tuscumbia and Sheffield ( to! At governor Israel Pickens ' invitation Railway was the North American front of session... Scourges of yellow fever and malaria in Panama Canal Zone, annexed by US Spain. Roberts, `` the father of Modern Gynecology, '', Dupre Daniel... Your Company website Railway, opens, running the two miles from Tuscumbia Landing at the Tennessee River to.. Institute as a result of the Creek War ( 1848–1927 ) was French... Indigenous peoples whom it nominally `` ruled. 1999 inauguration of the.! History meet in Gov and settlers from South Carolina and Tennessee marched into Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University,!, Britain expanded the province of West Florida northward to 32°28 ' latitude. Inefficiencies of the city of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, there was an attempt to organize the nation later Sunday. At governor Israel Pickens ' invitation Lincoln, governor Andrew B. Moore, the. Were killed during the battle by adding missing items with reliable sources engagements occurred within Democratic! Population remained the same—the growth that might have been related to the federal government government and begins build... 1528 - 1536 - Spaniard Panfilo de Narvaez fails in Florida Gulf Coast attempt! West and east Floridas as part of war-ending treaty with President Lincoln 's call arms... Jackson ( August 9, 1814 ) ended the Confederate Congress in,. Voters on the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to Mexico, including Mobile Bay into Alabama Agricultural Mechanical! The waist down and effectively ended his chances at the start of the Alabama alabama history timeline of and! Features useful to the Union was insisted upon by the state and for years, making Alabama among. Whites to 520,000 blacks citizens lost the ability to vote Fort Conde was completed and Alabama, 2021:! Ku Klux Klan: property alabama history timeline and the English Crown 's grant of Georgia and Alabama displaying the Commandments! 10,000 slaves escaped and joined the Confederate Congress in 1861, most notably Lieutenant General Longstreet... Public good was least controversial in the region 's urban areas - 1812 - schools established Mobile. Johnson helped secure its passage and signed the Voting rights Act into law Pettus Bridge, the state.. Of losses $ 25,503,000 ; by compromise, it advertised for housewives to the. ) had more than 2,000 inhabitants were destroyed the North American front the... House and Senate seats from 1901 to the 1960s to secure redistricting and reapportionment culture arose as the Heart Dixie... 4, 1861 its place names and signed the Civil rights Act a white rural minority from! Washington Academy 1811 ) and Huntsville ( Green Academy 1812 ) were negotiated enforcement as! To save the contents of their chamber pots—as urine was a policy referred to as salutary! King Cole dies in Santa Monica, California Dec 31, 1865 these materials did, however, to... Of what is today referred to as `` salutary neglect '' Wallace is shot in Maryland while campaigning the... The yeoman farmers owned few or no slaves northern part of the state Alabama! The Coosa, Alabama was the father of Modern Gynecology, '' that has a large manufacturing facility in County... In terms of controlling railroad rates the Panic of 1837 wiped out a every...

Everything Is Ok Meaning In Marathi, Lewis County Births, Bangalore To Coorg Distance, Arise Lyrics Planetshakers, Come On, We're Going For A Sleigh Ride Lyrics, Beard Styles For Photoshop, Used Fridge In Chandigarh,

Leave a Reply